Jusai or fragrant onion
Jusai, lighting and valuable properties of a perennial plant, use in cooking and medicine, how to grow.
Table of Contents
Chemical composition of garlic spice
The jusai plant is of great value to the human body due to its chemical and energy composition.
The caloric content of branched onions is low.
It is only 40-41 kcal per 100 g, of which:
- Carbohydrates – 8, 2-8, 4 g;
- Protein – 1, 4-1, 5 g;
- Fat – 0.2 g.
The nutritional value has the following description:
- Water – 91-92 g;
- Dietary fiber – 0.8-0.9 g;
- Ash material – 0.3-0.35 g.
- Vitamin composition:
- Beta-carotene – about 1 mg;
- Ascorbic acid – 4.8 mg;
- Vitamin B5 – 0.1 mg.
- Vitamin B3 – 0.28 mg;
- Alpha -tocopherol – 0.02 mg;
- Vitamin B6 – 0.13 mg;
To a lesser extent, onion branches also contain vitamins K, B1, B2, and B9.
- Potassium – 120-123 mg;
- Sodium – 27-29 mg;
- Calcium – 19-22 mg;
- Magnesium – 8, 5-9, 5 mg;
- Iron – 0.26-0.28 mg;
- Zinc – 0, 12-0, 15 mg;
- Manganese – 0.08 mg;
- Selenium – 0.5 micrograms;
- Copper – 0.06 micrograms.
How to use branched onions
Onion branches are considered excellent foods, which is why they are often used in cooking as part of many dishes. Jusai onions are edible as leaves, arrows, flowers, and pears. It is eaten raw as a standalone dish, assuming the product is sustainable.
As an additional ingredient, it is used in meat, fish, hot dishes, salads, sometimes added to pies, and canned. The arrows are pickled. It is noteworthy that if you freeze the leaves of this plant, then they will retain almost all the taste and functional properties.
The healing properties of garlic make it possible to use this plant as a medicine.
For many gardeners, Jusai performs decorative functions and decorates the backyard with thick branches and numerous blooms. Photographs of branched onions clearly show the beauty of a flowering plant.
Despite its beneficial composition, sweet onions have various contraindications related to the nature of the effects of this food on the body. These include gallstones, pancreatitis, gallbladder inflammation, nephritis, acidity, and individual intolerance. The relative ban is pregnancy, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, and diabetes.
Characteristics of garlic cultivation
Based on its many valuable properties and the relative unpretentiousness of the plant can assume that many gardeners have a desire to plant it in their beds.
Therefore, we will describe in more detail the basic principles of the cultivation of Jusai onions:
- The soil … There are no special requirements for the composition of the earth to grow Jusai onions. However, do not plant the plant in areas where potatoes or cabbage have grown before. The best predecessors are pumpkins and legumes.
- Preparation of seeds for sowing … The seeds are soaked in clean water at room temperature for one day while changing the liquid 3-4 times. Then it is dried.
- Sowing … Seeds are sown in April. Two sowing methods are used. The first is a tape. The distance between the tapes should be 30-50 cm. The other is a nest, 2-3 seeds are sown in each. Planting depth – 1, 5 cm. The latter option gives faster shoots.
- Vegetation … After the plants have emerged, the beds are diluted. Can replant rhizomes. However, it is better to use the method of dividing the bush. It is valid from the second year of plant life. All the shrubs dug out are divided into 3-4 bulbs, which are planted at the same depth.
- Harvest … For the leaves to appear earlier, the area is covered with foil at the first spring sun to create greenhouse conditions. The harvest season begins in early spring, the second growing year, and ends in late autumn. It is recommended to cut the leaves no more than 4 times this time. In the first year, it is better to avoid the harvest so as not to interfere with the development of the plant and allow the root system to take root in the soil.
- Plant feeding … should do it every time after harvest.
- Basic care methods … Frequent watering, weeding, thinning, and fertilization are used.
- Winter break … No shelter required in snow.